The Dirty Dozen chart put out by the EWG (US-based Environmental Working Group) lists the fruits and vegetables most impacted by chemical pesticides and fertilizers.
|Image is a courtesy of Cybele Masterman @ Blah Blah Magazine|
While the soft skins of fruits are edible and contain nutrients, I often peel them away.
In the past, I just used water to clean our fruits & vegetables before consuming. Now, I try to wash more thoroughly using homemade wash.
Baking soda & vinegar have been great helps! Baking soda is also known as sodium bicarbonate.
PRO of sodium bicarbonate:
♥ weak disinfectant properties
♥ a potential effective fungicide against some organisms
♥ absorb musty smells
♥ clean things; (1) use cold water for steels as hot water solutions of sodium bicarbonate can corrode steel (2) do not use sodium bicarbonate for cleaning aluminium things.
♥ an antacid by dissolving with water, to treat acid indigestion and heartburn
♥ enhance crispness of fried foods
♥ tenderize meats
Please be careful:
"In patients consuming a high-calcium or dairy-rich diet, calcium supplements, or calcium-containing antacids, the use of sodium bicarbonate can cause milk-alkali syndrome, which can result in metastatic calcification, kidney stones, and kidney failure."
Vinegar is typically 4-18% acetic acid by mass. Table vinegar tends to be more diluted (4% to 8% acetic acid).
PRO of vinegar:
♥ have antibacterial and anti mold properties.
♥ The acetic acid in vinegar can effectively kill mycobacteria, even highly drug-resistant strains (PMID: 24570366)
♥ remove clogs from drains. Agnes has used vinegar to remove stains from toilet bowl.
Please be careful:
Acetic acid is a strong eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Concentrated acetic acid is corrosive, please use dilution with water.
To make a do-it-yourself (DIY) fruit-vegetable spray:
♥ 1 tbsp baking soda (苏打粉)
♥ 250 ml white vinegar (白醋)
♥ 250 ml filtered water (过滤水)
1. Put all ingredients for homemade spray into a spray bottle, please be careful as it will foam up. I do it over a sink.
2. Shake gently to mix.
3. Spray on vegetables or fruits.
4. Allow to sit for about 5-10 minutes.
5. Scrub & rinse thoroughly using room temperature water.
6. Air dry for a while before storing them in the fridge. Wet vegetables will not last long, alternatively use clean kitchen cloth towels to wipe.
7. Leftover spray can be kept in the fridge.
Other tips that I love:
♥ DIY All Natural Fruit and Veggie Wash by Chanda @ My Pure Pursuit
♥ Veggie Cleaner Spray by Sophie Ulian @ Oprah
♥ DIY homemade vegetable fruit soak by ServicefromHeart
Check also our other #5minutemeal recipes.